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          Breast growth greater than normal in men and female-type breast development is called gynecomastia. Although its etiology is often unknown, in rare cases hormone imbalances, some medications, excess weight and alcohol may cause gynecomastia. Gynecomastia patients may be negatively affected sociopsychologically. Patients may experience moods such as lack of self-confidence, introversion, detachment from social life, and feeling incomplete. Breast growth usually begins during adolescence, but in some males this growth may be excessive. Sometimes, an excessive increase in the fatty tissue of the breast may occur due to excessive weight gain. Some drug use and hormonal disorders can cause extremely large breasts in male individuals.

            Treatment Methods


       Gynecomastia occurring during adolescence may generally be due to gland (mammary gland) growth. The mammary glands that cause enlargement are removed through an incision made in the dark colored part of the tip of the breast (areola). If there is breast enlargement due to weight gain, excess fat comes to the fore. In this case, the fatty tissues are removed by making an incision in the colored part of the nipple (areola) in the same way, and the fat tissue is removed by liposuction method, which is another treatment method. If there is excess skin along with gynecomastia, the excess skin in that area must be removed no matter what method is used. Removing excess skin leaves extra permanent scars on the patient.




        When the patient is treated with local anesthesia, he is discharged on the same day after surgery. However, since gynecomastia surgeries are usually performed under general anesthesia, the patient must stay in the hospital for 1 night. There may be pain that can be relieved with painkillers. After gynecomastia surgery, a drain is placed when necessary to prevent blood accumulation in the tissue removed area, and the drains are removed within 1-3 days on average. After breast enlargement surgery, the corset recommended by the doctor should be used for a minimum of 3 weeks to prevent blood and fluid called seroma from filling the space created after the tissue is evacuated from the area and to ensure that the skin adheres and recovers as soon as possible. In gynecomastia, which is only due to breast tissue growth, the breasts do not grow again. However, if there is excessive weight gain, breast growth may occur again. It is necessary to use a corset for about 1 month.

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